December 1st, 2021

Differences Between Call and Put Options

Call and put options are frequently used in the stock market to protect against adverse price movements.

Call and put options are frequently used in the stock market to protect against adverse price movements. A call option is a contract that gives the holder of the contract, or owner, the right to purchase a stock at a certain price within a specified time. Put options are contracts that give an investor the right to sell stocks at a predetermined price before an expiration date. This article will provide you with a detailed explanation of how these two types of options work and their main differences.

Let's get started.

What Is a Call Option?

A call option offers you the choice to acquire shares at a certain price till the option expires. The aim would be that the share value would be higher than the strike price even before the option expires, allowing the holder to acquire shares undervaluation. The discrepancy between the spot & strike prices, less the premium paid for the option, is the profit earned. This is, once again, the optimal circumstance. There's no use in executing a call option when the stock price stays the same or falls even before the options expiry date. You'd just let it lapse worthless and accept the defeat of whichever premium you spent.

If you believe the price of a certain stock will rise when the option is effective, buying call options may be a smart idea. Buying call options also provides investors more leverage per dollar spent. The call option provides credit in the same way that lending to invest in the stock does. "This implies that by utilizing a call option instead of buying stocks outright, the investor obtains a greater return when stock rises. Nevertheless, if the stock price falls, you would lose a larger portion of your investment if you're using the call option rather than buying the shares directly."

What Is a Put Option?

A put option provides the right to trade a company's share at a special predetermined price when the contract was established until the contract expires. For every share for which your put option gets issued, you'll have to deposit a non-refundable premium. Just keep in mind that the strike price and the spot price are not exclusive. The spot price is actually at which an asset is currently dealing, and it can fluctuate from situation to situation as the marketplace fluctuates. You would obtain or spend whichever the spot rate is when you purchase or sell a share of the company when you execute these operations.

If you currently own stock and believe the marketplace price would drop, you may want to consider buying a put option to hedge and safeguard your investments from volatility. "The put option may set a limit on the worth of an individual's stock portfolio." "It's the same as 'purchasing insurance' against the potential of a stock price decline. If an investor currently holds stock in a company and wishes to protect their investment by purchasing put options, they must do so."

Comparative Measures 

  • Call Options
    • MeaningIt gives you the option, but not really the duty, to purchase the underlying asset at the predetermined strike rate  on the specific date.
    • Permits: Buying the stock
    • Profitability: Because the price growth cannot be capped, the benefits are limitless.
    • Investor Expectations: Increase in prices.
    • Analogies: Consider a security payment that allows you to purchase goods at a specific price.


  • Put Options
    • Meaning: It gives you the option, and not the duty, to trade the underlying asset at the predetermined strike price on even a specific date.
    • Permits: Trading the stock
    • Profitability: Gains are restricted since its price can continue to decline but this will eventually stop at zero.
    • Investor Expectations: Decrease in prices.
    • Analogies: It is similar to insurance in that it protects against loss of value.

Call vs Put Option

The distinction between a call and a put option is apparent. Whenever an investor owns a call, they hope to benefit only when the stock's price rises. The investor anticipates an increase in the security's price, allowing them to acquire the shares at a lower price. Whereas the writer expects that the stock price would drop and at the very least remain unchanged, avoiding the need to execute the option. When you buy a put option, you benefit whenever the stock price drops. In this scenario, the put grows as the stock's value drops. Thus, while the investor wants the stock price to fall, the writer hopes it rises or remains unchanged to execute the transaction.

The buyer should pay high prices to the seller and writer while purchasing a call option. On the other hand, the investor is not obligated to pay the market margins before making the acquisition. While trading a put option, though, the seller is required to place margin money also with the market. This allows you to retain the premium amount mostly on the put option. Call options provide an endless revenue potential because the value of stock can't be limited. Put options also have a restricted profit potential so that a stock's price cannot fall under zero.

Risks Involved in Call vs Put Options

The most significant risk of something like a call option would be that the stock value will only rise slightly. This might result in a loss of money on your transaction. Since you must pay the premium for every share, this is the case. You may only get a small return on your investment if any stock does not cover the expenses of the premiums. For instance, if stock were priced at $60 per share yet you believed it would climb, you might buy a call option worth $100 shares for $63 per share, with such a $1.75 premium for each share. If the share price merely raises to $65 a share, the option will be worth $6,500 when you exercise it. Since you must remove the premium amount from your overall gain ($6,500-$6,300-$175=$25), you will only make a $25 profit. However, if you had bought the shares completely, you would've made a $500 profit.

You're simply controlling the risks in your portfolio using a put option. Let's imagine you own 100 shares of Company ABC, which are presently valued at $100, and you believe the price would drop. You can buy a put option that focuses on selling at $100 per share. You can execute this option when the price of the stock falls to $90 per share. It implies rather than losing $1,000 in the marketplace; you may immediately lose the money you paid for your premium.

The Bottom Line

Investing in a call and otherwise put option is a full-fledged matter of chance. The benefits can be enormous if one has faith in the price fluctuations of the underlying value and is willing to spend enough money with such an appetite to bear the threat of a premium amount. A contract could be allowed to lapse, and the premium payment can be forfeited. 

As a result, it depends entirely on the investor's appetite for risk and trust in the path of the actual asset's price swings whereby the option contract is entered into. The phrases call and put options remain opposed, and a mix of anticipation and financial capability will aid in maximizing financial benefits.

What are the differences between Call and Put options